Why heart valve replacement is needed

Heart issues have become very common these days. People after reaching the age of 40 mostly falls prey to this disease. This happens mainly because people do lead a very stressful life and they have disturbed sleep at nights. Also they eat unhealthy food and are not into proper exercises and that is why many unwanted diseases attack them in the wrong time.

As we all know that heart is a very important organ in a human body, one should also know that it is the organ which acts like a pump and it is made from muscle tissues. The heart mainly has four pumping chambers. The upper two chambers are known as atria and the lower two chambers are known as the ventricles. To keep the blood flowing there are some valves present in between all the four chambers present in the heart. They are,

Tricuspid Valve: This is located in between the right ventricle and tight atrium.

Pulmonary Valve: This one is present in between the pulmonary artery and the right ventricle.

 Mitral Valve: This is present between the left ventricle and the left atrium.

Aortic Valve: This one is located in between the aorta and the left ventricle.

Heart valve replacement recovery in India is done with a surgery. This is mainly performed when the heart valves get damaged and do not work in the proper way that they should. There are some conditions which lead to dysfunction of heart valves and the major ones are valve leakage or valve stiffness.

If one or more valves become stiff then the heart has to work harder in order to pump the blood through the valves. Now one might feel curious that why these valves become stiff. This may happen due to some infection like rheumatic fever or simply due to ageing. If one or more than one valve becomes leaky then the blood starts leaking backwards. This means that the blood is getting pumped but in the wrong direction. The heart specialist examines all the symptoms and the overall condition of the heart of the patient and then decides whether the leaded valves need a replacement or can be surgically repaired.

It is said that open heart surgery is needed to repair the damaged heart valves. In this procedure, an incision is made in the chest and the heart is made stop for the time being so that the surgeon can repair the heart valves. Or they can also replace the heart valves. These incisions are mostly smaller ones and one can feel less pain after the procedure is over.

When there is a damaged heart valve in the body one might get the signals due to some specific symptoms. They can feel certain things like chest pain, dizziness, palpitations, breathing difficulties or oedema which is also known as the swelling of ankles, feet and the abdomen.

Each surgery comes with their own risks. One might suffer from bleeding after surgery or some blood clots that can cause lung problems or stroke. But the chances are very low.


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